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Deformable Klein Quartic

Instructions for making one:

KleinInstructions.pdf

KleinConnectors.pdf

KleinLegs.pdf

Idea for Leeuwarden 2018 (cultural capital)

2 new animations of cycloids, now with the additional property that the centre cycloid is standing still.

A "Perspectagram", or anagram implemented by viewing from 2 perspectives.

This "Mechanagram" illustrates a general method for a mechanical realisation of an arbitrary anagram. (For the Harry Potter fans!)

A "Mechanagram", inspired by an idea by Ikeda Yosuke

Roling Epicycloid, for this discusson.

More cycloids:

Canonicl thickening

If you have a network with vertices connected by lines, how do you thicken the lines (so you can 3D print them), such that around the vertices, things work out in a nice way.

A method is 'canoncal' if it does not depend on arbitrary choices.

One way to do it, is to trace all lines with circles. The envelope gives the thickened geometry. This will work in any dimension.

Sufficiently elongated ellipses (eggs) can be arranged in a pentagonal packing.

What is the least eccentric ellipse that can do this?

Can you construct a quasicristal with ellipses?

Sunflower seeds look a bit similar...

Nice pictures of tiling and spiraled patterns here

Regular dodecahedra almost pack space. (In a suitable neighbourhood of a black hole, they would form a perfect packing, due to the curvature of space)

A "Stewart Toroid" I discovered years ago, based on dodecahedra and "tri-diminished icosahedra":

Note that icosa-dodecahedra nicely fit in the holes, forming a quasi crystalline packing.

Related to this, here are some funky structures you can build with rhombicosidodecahedra:

VRML versions:

Structure2

Structure3

Structure4

Structure5

Regular dodecahedra can be arranged in a cubic lattice, such that faces of the dodecahedra touch.

The arrangement leaves a gap, which can be filled with the shape below:

The faces can be formed from intersecting pentagons.

This shape, together with regular dodecahedra, can pack space, in a cubical lattice

Below are 2 pictures on how the packing works.

Animation of the lattice D5.

Variation on the Rossler attractor.

One of the simplest chaotic systems is the Rossler attractor:

dx/dt = - (y+z)

dy/dt= x+ay

dz/dt= b+z(x-c)

Made a simution:

I made a variation that is a bit more similar to the Harmonic oscillator:

dx/dt = v

dv/dt = -x -R*v

dR/dt = -a+b*(x^2+v^2)

If R=constant, we have the "ordinary" damped harmonic oscillator.

So we have damping as a 3rd dynamic variable, that depends non-linearly on x and v.

More variations:

The strange pattern below was created as follows.

My sun was rubbing some children's paint across a paper.

Then he hit the painted paper repeatedly with his hands.

After it dried, it looked like this:

Weird...

JuliaBrot fractal.

Source:

For x = 1 To xpix

For y = 1 To ypix

xx = x_min + (x_max - x_min) * x / xpix

yy = y_min + (y_max - y_min) * y / ypix

c_re = c0_re + xx * A_re - yy * A_im

c_im = c0_im + xx * A_im + yy * A_re

gcount = 0

gstop = 0

z_re = xx

z_im = yy

Do

z_re_old = z_re

z_re = z_re * z_re - z_im * z_im + c_re

z_im = 2 * z_re_old * z_im + c_im

gcount = gcount + 1

If gcount > 100 Then gstop = 1

If (z_re * z_re + z_im * z_im) > 4 Then gstop = 1

Loop Until gstop = 1

If gcount > 100 Then Form2.Picture1.PSet (x, y)

Next y

Next x

Youtube clip of stirling engine

g

Torus with Farey sequence mod 6 double cover

Circle packing animation of Ford circles modulo n.

The above Pythogaras tree can be made by folding A4 paper into half repeatedly, and positioning as shown. Note that because of the 1:sqr(2) proportion, you always get right -angles. The branches are termnate once they touch another brang. Note that they touch exactly.

Animation of insect role in world food.